The National Labor Relations Board (“NLRB”) may not award backpay to undocumented employees, regardless of whether the employee or employer violated the Immigration Reform and Control Act (“IRCA”). Respondent employer hired and later discharged aliens without examining work-authorization documents, resulting in charges filed against the respondent for unfair labor practices. The Supreme Court’s holding in Hoffman Plastic Compounds, Inc. v. NLRB, 535 U.S. 137 (2002), categorically precludes undocumented employees from awards of back pay, since the criminal fraud such employees must engage in runs counter to the policies of IRCA. Matter of Mezonos Maven Bakery, Inc., 357 N.L.R.B. No. 47 (Aug. 9, 2011).
See also Pete Lareau, Lareau on Mezonos Maven Bakery, Inc., Emerging Issues 5979 (2011); Summary of NLRB Decisions for the Week of August 8-12, 2011, NLRB (last visited Mar. 17, 2012), available at https://www.nlrb.gov/weeklysummary/summary-nlrb-decisions-week-august-8-12-2011; Fausto Ernesto Zapata, Jr., Come Monday, It’ll Be Alright, Come Monday, We’ll Be Payin’ You Right: Routine Remedy or Radical Departure? Is Backpay for Unlawful Immigrants Beyond the Scope of the Board’s Remedial Processes? Comm. Dev. L. Under NLRA (2012) http://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/events/labor_law/2012/02/committee_on_development_of_the_law_under_the_nlra_midwinter_meeting/dll2012_zapata.authcheckdam.pdf; Michael Eastman, Mezonos Maven Bakery Inc., NLRB Insight (Aug. 29, 2011) http://www.nlrbinsight.com/2011/08/mezonos-maven-bakery-inc/; Edwin S. Hopson, NLRB Rules for Employer Finding no Obligation to Reinstate Backpay to Illegal Aliens, Wyatt Employment Law Report (Aug. 10, 2011) http://wyattemployment.wordpress.com/2011/08/10/nlrb-rules-for-employer-finding-no-obligation-to-reinstate-or-pay-backpay-to-illegal-aliens/; Mark S. Wilkinson, NLRB Finds that Unauthorized Workers Cannot Receive Backpay for Labor Law Violations, Regardless of Whether the Employer or Employees Violated Immigration Laws, Franczek Radlet (Aug. 22, 2011) http://www.jdsupra.com/post/documentViewer.aspx?fid=66a4068f-f065-4081-9a45-d4483c10fc2c.
(Development Authored by Ashlyn Marquez)